Rylin and David Rodgers were shocked at how quickly medical debt changed their lives. They had college educations, good jobs with health insurance, and comfortable savings before their children were born. Unaccustomed to asking for help, Rylin once went three days without eating as she sat by her son’s hospital bed. “In retrospect I should have asked,” she says, “but no one offered, either. I think we looked ‘too good’ to need help.”
Rylin and David Rodgers were in good financial standing when they welcomed their first child, Matthew, into the world. Both teachers, they had a combined yearly income of $60,000, owned their own home, and had zero consumer debt. Six months later, even the ten dollars it cost to park at the hospital where Matthew was having surgery was well beyond the family’s budget. “I would get up at 2:00 a.m. to go move the car,” remembers Rylin. “There was no parking attendant there at that hour.” In just the first year of Matthew’s life, his medical expenses would total over a million dollars.
Matthew and his sister Laura both have an unidentified type of mitochondrial disease, a degenerative and terminal illness. Rylin had to quit her job to care for them, which cut the family’s income in half. Required by their health insurance to pay 20% of all health care costs out-of-pocket, the couple took out three mortgages on their house. They have paid for some medical expenses with credit cards, including $400 a week for laboratory tests and $2,000 a month for prescription drugs.
“Most people assume that a family like ours, because we have two college-educated parents, would have the resources they need to take care of their family’s medical conditions,” says Rylin.
In fact, social workers repeatedly told the family they wouldn’t qualify for assistance because their income was too high. “It wasn’t until Matthew was two and we were in major medical debt that we learned from another parent we’d been income-eligible the whole time for CSHCS.” CSHCS, or Children’s Special Health Care Services, is Indiana’s Title V program. Once they enrolled, it helped the Rodgers pay for the children’s medical care for several years. When David received a pay raise, however, his income was pushed over 250% of the federal poverty level, and the family was no longer eligible.
By trimming their grocery budget to $40 a week for the family of four, buying second-hand clothes, and foregoing non-essentials, the Rodgers are able to pay $500 a month for the nutritional supplements that Rylin says are the only recommended treatment for the children’s condition. Neither Medicaid—which Matthew was on at the time, after ten years on a waiting list for a special waiver program—nor the family’s private insurance covered any part of the cost.
The Rodgers have had to make other difficult choices and adjustments. When they couldn’t afford the muscle biopsies required to diagnose the children’s condition, which were not covered by insurance, they chose to have just one child diagnosed. When wheelchair maintenance grew to thousands of dollars a year, they got the children scooters instead. And while four different subspecialists want to see Laura every month, she usually goes every three months. “I try to balance appropriate medical care with reality,” says Rylin. One choice they didn’t make: “We were shocked by how many people advised us to divorce so we could get Medicaid.”
“We had to wait a number of years to have a slot in what’s called a Medicaid waiver program which allows us to access Medicaid for our children in addition to their private healthcare. Both kids have been on it, Matthew for about 4 years and Laura for about 3, as of July 2011. In that time, we’ve been able to stop accruing significant medical debt and work on meeting their needs in a more appropriate way. But until that happened we really struggled, to the point of often not having enough money to pay for the other necessities of life, including food,” says Rylin.
“I think it’s easy to look at Medicaid and think of it as a program for the very poor, which in fact it does provide much needed health care services to some of our nation’s most vulnerable children, but it also is a critical part of the health care services and delivery system for children with special health care needs.”
Read Rylin’s daughter Laura’s story here.
- U.S. Census Bureau, “American FactFinder,” 2007 American Community Survey (accessed May 2011). Data came from the following tables: Statewide poverty percentages, GCT1701, Ratio of income to poverty level, C17002
- U.S. Census Bureau, “American FactFinder,” 2009 American Community Survey (accessed May 2011). Data came from the following tables: Statewide poverty percentages, GCT1701, Ratio of income to poverty level, C17002
- Half in Ten analysis of Table 1, 2007 State Expenditure Report, National Association of State Budget Officers.
- Half in Ten analysis of Table 1, 2009 State Expenditure Report, National Association of State Budget Officers.
- U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2007 through 2008.
- U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2009 through 2010.